Born in Valencia, Spain, Santiago Calatrava is an internationally recognized and award-winning architect, artist, and engineer. Calatrava started his architecture and engineering practice in 1981. His early career was dedicated largely to bridges and train stations, the designs for which elevated the status of civil engineering projects to new heights.
Some of Calatrava's best-known works include several of the more than 30 bridges he has designed, most recently the Sundial at Turtle Bay in Redding, California, and the James Joyce in Dublin. His latest public projects include the Olympic sports complex in Athens, the Lyon Airport railway station, and an extension of the Milwaukee Art Museum.
His Montjuic Communications Tower in Barcelona, Spain, which he created in 1991 to serve as the heart of the 1992 Olympic site, proved a turning point in his career, leading to a wide range of commissions. The Quadracci Pavilion (2001) of the Milwaukee Art Museum was his first major U.S. building. Calatrava's entry into high-rise design began with an innovative 54-story-high twisting tower, Turning Torso (2005), located in Malmö, Sweden.
Calatrava has two major New York City projects: the WTC Transportation Hub and a residential tower comprising 12 cantilevered cubes on South Street, overlooking the East River. In October 2005, his sculpture, watercolors, drawings, and architectural designs were shown at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. He was awarded the American Institute of Architects' 2005 gold medal. Calatrava maintains offices in Spain and Switzerland.