One World Trade Center
Founded in 1936, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM) is one of the leading architecture; urban design; and planning, engineering, and interior architecture firms in the United States. The firm's sophistication in building technology applications and its commitment to design quality has resulted in a portfolio that features some of the most important architectural accomplishments of the 20th and 21st centuries.
SOM is responsible for the design and construction of America's tallest building, the 109-story Sears Tower in Chicago. SOM also designed Lever House, an office building in New York City that established a new vocabulary and set standards for office design around the world. Other signature projects include the U.S. Air Force Academy; the 100-story, 2.8-million-square-foot John Hancock Tower in Chicago; and the 1-million-square-foot Bank of America World Headquarters in San Francisco.
SOM, which has its headquarters on Wall Street, is playing a pivotal role in the rebuilding of downtown New York City. The firm designed One WTC which will be the tallest building in the nation and will give new shape to New York City's skyline when it is complete. The firm designed 7 WTC, which received a gold LEED rating for its sustainable design components. In addition, SOM designed the Skyscraper Museum, which opened in Battery Park City in April 2004. While smaller in scale, it is another important project contributing to the rebirth of Lower Manhattan.
Other current and recent projects include the Pennsylvania Station Redevelopment in New York; the Time Warner Center at Columbus Circle; educational projects for Greenwich Academy, Deerfield Academy, and John Jay College of Criminal Justice; healthcare projects including Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Kings County Hospital, and North Shore Long Island Jewish Hospital; and new gateway terminals at JFK, Logan, Singapore Changi, Ben Gurion, and Lester B. Pearson airports.
Since it was founded, SOM has completed more than 10,000 architecture, interior architecture, and planning projects in more than 50 countries. SOM's work ranges from the architectural design and engineering of individual buildings to the master planning and design of entire communities. Currently, the firm maintains offices in New York; Chicago; Washington, DC; San Francisco; Los Angeles; London; Shanghai; and Hong Kong.
David Childs is consulting design partner at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill/New York. He designed 7 WTC, which opened in May 2006. He also designed the Freedom Tower at the new WTC for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Mr. Childs A graduate of Yale College and the Yale School of Art and Architecture, Mr. Childs joined the Washington, DC, office of SOM in 1971 after having served as design director of the Pennsylvania Avenue Commission. Later, he was appointed by President Gerald Ford to serve as chairman of the national Capital Planning Commission from 1975 to 1981.
In 1984, Mr. Childs relocated to SOM's New York office, where his diverse range of completed projects includes Worldwide Plaza on Eighth Avenue; the New York Mercantile Exchange; the JFK International Arrivals Building; the Bear Stearns Headquarters; the Stuyvesant School Bridge in Tribeca; and the renovation and preservation of Lever House. Internationally, Childs has completed or has under construction such projects as the new Lester B. Pearson International Airport in Toronto, the Ben Gurion International Airport in Tel Aviv, West Ferry Circus at Canary Wharf in London, the U.S. Embassy in Ottawa, and a more than 3-million-square-foot mixed-use development for Mitsui Fudoson in Tokyo.